Artificial intelligence allows machines to model and even improve the human mind’s capabilities. From the development of self-driving cars to the proliferation of smart assistants like Siri and Alexa, AI is a growing part of everyday life. As a result, many tech companies across various industries are investing in artificially intelligent technologies.
This article will give you a rundown of all you need to know about artificial intelligence.
What Is Artificial Intelligence (AI)?
Artificial intelligence (AI) refers to the simulation of human intelligence in machines that are programmed to think like humans and mimic their actions. The term may also be applied to any machine that exhibits traits associated with a human mind, such as learning and problem-solving.
Artificial intelligence has the ability to think rationally and take action that will have the greatest chance of reaching a particular goal. Machine learning (ML) is one subset of artificial intelligence. This refers to the idea that computer programs are able to automatically learn from and adapt new data without any human intervention.
Deep learning techniques enable this automatic learning by absorbing vast amounts of unstructured data such as text, images, or video.
How Does AI work?
As the hype around AI has accelerated, vendors have been scrambling to promote how their products and services use AI. They often refer to AI as one component of AI, such as machine learning. AI requires a foundation of specialized hardware and software for writing and training machine learning algorithms. No programming language is synonymous with AI, but a few, including Python, R, and Java, are popular.
AI systems generally work by ingesting large amounts of labeled training data, analyzing the data for correlations and patterns, and using these patterns to make predictions about future states. In this way, a chatbot fed examples of text chats can produce lifelike exchanges with people, or an image recognition tool can learn to identify and describe objects in images by reviewing millions of illustrations.
AI programming focuses on three cognitive skills: learning, reasoning, and self-correction.
This aspect of AI programming focuses on acquiring data and creating rules for how to turn the data into actionable information. The rules called algorithms, provide computing devices with step-by-step instructions for completing a specific task.
This aspect of AI programming focuses on choosing the suitable algorithm to reach the desired outcome.
This aspect of AI programming is designed to continually fine-tune algorithms and ensure they provide the most accurate results possible.
Why is Artificial Intelligence Important?
AI is essential because it gives enterprises insight into their operations that may not have been known previously. AI can sometimes perform tasks better than humans. AI tools can often complete tasks quickly and efficiently, particularly repetitive, detail-oriented tasks like analyzing large volumes of legal documents to ensure the relevant fields have been filled out correctly.
This has resulted in a rapid increase in efficiency and opened up new business opportunities for larger businesses. It was hard to imagine using computer technology to connect drivers and taxis before the current wave of AI.
Uber, however, has become one of the most prominent companies worldwide by doing precisely that. It uses advanced machine learning algorithms to predict when people need rides in certain areas. This helps drivers get on the road sooner than they’re needed. Google is another example. They use machine learning to analyze how people use their services and improve them.
Sundar Pichai, the CEO of Google in 2017, stated that Google would operate as an “AI first” company.
AI is used today by some of the world’s most successful businesses to improve their operations and gain an advantage over their competitors.
What are the Pros and Cons of Artificial Intelligence?
Deep learning and artificial neural networks are rapidly evolving. This is mainly because AI processes large quantities of data faster and makes more accurate predictions than humans can make.
The sheer volume of data generated daily would overwhelm a human researcher. However, AI applications that use Machine Learning can quickly take that data and turn it into useful information. The main disadvantage to AI is the cost of processing the enormous amounts of data required by AI programming.
- Good at detail-oriented jobs;
- Reduced time for data-heavy tasks;
- Delivers consistent results; and
- AI-powered virtual agents are always available.
- Requires deep technical expertise;
- A limited supply of qualified workers to build AI tools;
- Only knows what it’s been shown; and
- Lack of ability to generalize from one task to another.
Strong AI vs. weak AI
AI can be categorized as either weak or strong.
- Weak AI, also known as narrow AI, is designed and trained to complete a specific task. Industrial robots and virtual personal assistants, such as Apple’s Siri, use weak AI.
- Strong AI, also known as artificial general intelligence (AGI), describes programming that can replicate the cognitive abilities of the human brain. When presented with an unfamiliar task, a robust AI system can use fuzzy logic to apply knowledge from one domain to another and find a solution autonomously. In theory, a strong AI program should be able to pass both a Turing Test and the Chinese room test.
What are the 4 Types of Artificial Intelligence?
An assistant professor of integrative biology and computer science and engineering at Michigan State University, Arend Hintze, explained in a 2016 article how AI could be divided into four types. This includes task-specific intelligent and sentient systems. These are the four categories:
- The reactive machines: These AI systems are task-specific and have no memory. Deep Blue, an IBM computer chess program, is one example. Deep Blue can recognize pieces on a chessboard and make predictions. But, since it doesn’t have a memory, it can not use past experiences to predict the future.
- Limited memory: These AI systems have limited memory. They can draw on past experiences to make future decisions. These are some functions that make up the decision-making function in self-driving vehicles.
- Theory Of Mind: Theory of mind is a term in psychology. This term is used to describe AI. It means the system will have the social intelligence necessary to understand emotions. This type of AI can infer human intentions, predict behavior and become an integral part of human teams.
- Self-awareness: AI systems with this type of consciousness can sense themselves and are aware of it. AI systems that are self-aware can see and understand their current state. This type of AI is still not available.
What are Examples of AI Technology and How is it Used Today?
AI can be integrated into a wide range of technologies. Here are six examples:
When paired with AI technologies, automation tools can expand the volume and types of tasks performed. An example is robotic process automation (RPA), a type of software that automates repetitive, rules-based data processing tasks traditionally done by humans. When combined with machine learning and emerging AI tools, RPA can automate bigger portions of enterprise jobs, enabling RPA’s tactical bots to pass along intelligence from AI and respond to process changes.
This is the science of getting a computer to act without programming. Deep learning is a subset of machine learning that, in very simple terms, can be thought of as the automation of predictive analytics. There are three types of machine learning algorithms:
- Supervised learning. Data sets are labeled so patterns can be detected and used to label new data sets.
- Unsupervised learning. Data sets aren’t labeled and are sorted according to similarities or differences.
- Reinforcement learning. Data sets aren’t labeled, but the AI system is given feedback after performing an action or several actions.
This technology provides machines with the capability of seeing. Machine vision captures and analyzes visual information using a camera, analog-to-digital conversion and digital signal processing. It is often compared with human eyesight; however, it isn’t tied to biological limitations and can look through walls, for instance. It’s used in various ways, including signature recognition and medical analysis of images. Machine vision is focused explicitly on machine-based image processing and is frequently confused with machine vision.
Natural Language Processing (NLP):
It is the process of processing human spoken language by a computer. One of the oldest and most well-known examples of NLP includes spam detection. It examines an email’s text and subject line to determine if it’s junk. The current methods for NLP are built-in machine learning. NLP tasks include the translation of text, sentiment analysis and recognition of speech.
This engineering field focuses on the creation and manufacture of robots. Robots are frequently used for tasks that are hard for humans to complete or do consistently. For instance, robots are utilized in the assembly line for car production or by NASA to transport large objects into space. Researchers are using machine learning to develop robots that communicate in social settings.
Autonomous vehicles use a combination of computer vision, image recognition and deep learning to build automated skills at piloting a vehicle while staying in a given lane and avoiding unexpected obstructions, such as pedestrians.
What are the applications of AI?
Artificial intelligence has made its way into a wide variety of markets. Here are nine examples:
AI in healthcare:
The greatest bets are on improving the patient experience and reducing costs. Businesses are using machine learning to provide faster and more accurate diagnoses than doctors. One of the most well-known healthcare techniques can be found in IBM Watson.
It can understand natural language and can respond to questions posed to it. The system examines patient data and other data sources to formulate a hypothesis that it presents using the confidence scoring scheme.
Other AI applications use virtual health assistants on the internet and chatbots to assist clients and patients in discovering medical information, booking appointments, comprehending the billing process, and other administrative tasks.
A range of AI technologies is also being utilized to help predict, combat and comprehend the spread of diseases like COVID-19.
AI for business:
Artificial intelligence algorithms for machine learning are embedded into analytical and customer relations management (CRM) platforms to find out information about how to better assist customers. Chatbots are being integrated into websites in order to provide instant assistance to customers. Automating jobs is also a hot discussion issue among IT analysts.
AI in education:
AI can automate the grading process and give teachers more time to spend with their students. It can evaluate students, adjust to their requirements, and help them work at their own pace. AI tutors can provide extra assistance to students, ensuring they are on the right course. It could also change places and how students learn, even replacing certain teachers.
AI for finance:
AI in personal finance apps like Intuit Mint and TurboTax has been changing the way financial institutions operate. These applications collect the personal data of users and provide financial guidance. Other programs, like IBM Watson, have been used to assist in purchasing a house. Nowadays, Artificial Intelligence software plays a major role in trading that occurs on Wall Street.
AI in law:
In law, the discovery process — sifting through documents — is often overwhelming for humans. Using AI to help automate the legal industry’s labor-intensive processes saves time and improves client service. Law firms are using machine learning to describe data and predict outcomes, computer vision to classify and extract information from documents, and natural language processing to interpret requests for information.
AI in banking:
Banks are successfully employing chatbots to make their customers aware of services and offerings and to handle transactions that don’t require human intervention. AI virtual assistants are being used to improve and cut compliance costs with banking regulations. Banking organizations are also using AI to enhance their decision-making of loans, set credit limits, and identify investment opportunities.
AI in transportation:
In addition to AI’s fundamental role in operating autonomous vehicles, AI technologies are used in transportation to manage traffic, predict flight delays, and make ocean shipping safer and more efficient.
AI and machine learning are at the top of the buzzword list security vendors use today to differentiate their offerings. Those terms also represent truly viable technologies. Organizations use machine learning in security information and event management (SIEM) software and related areas to detect anomalies and identify suspicious activities that indicate threats. By analyzing data and using logic to identify similarities to known malicious code, AI can provide alerts to new and emerging attacks much sooner than human employees and previous technology iterations. The maturing technology plays a big role in helping organizations fight cyber attacks.
Augmented Intelligence vs. Artificial Intelligence
Some industry experts believe the term artificial intelligence is too closely linked to popular culture, and this has caused the general public to have improbable expectations about how AI will change the workplace and life in general.
Augmented intelligence: Some researchers and marketers are hoping that the term “augmented intelligence,” which has a neutral meaning, will make people aware that most applications of AI are weak and only enhance the quality of products and services. For instance, AI can automatically highlight crucial details in business intelligence reports or in legal documents.
Artificial intelligence: True AI, or artificial general intelligence, is closely associated with the concept of the technological singularity — a future ruled by an artificial superintelligence that far surpasses the human brain’s ability to understand it or how it shapes our reality.
This is still in the realm of science fiction; however, some researchers are working on the issue. Many believe that technology like quantum computing can play a significant role in making AGI real and that we should not use the term in the name AI for this type that is general in intelligence.
Ethical Use of Artificial Intelligence
Although AI tools offer a variety of new capabilities for companies, the application of artificial intelligence raises ethical concerns because, regardless of the outcome, the AI system will build on what it already knows.
This could be a challenge because machine learning algorithms, which are the basis of many of the most sophisticated AI instruments, are as intelligent as the data they receive during training. Since humans choose which data to use to teach the AI algorithm, the risk of bias in machine learning can be inherent and should be carefully monitored.
Anyone who plans to utilize machine learning in real-world production systems must consider ethics in AI training and work to eliminate bias. This is especially important when working with AI methods that remain fundamentally unknowable within deep learning and generative adversarial networks ( GAN) applications.
Cognitive Computing and AI
The definitions of AI and cognitive computing are sometimes used interchangeably; however, in general, the term AI is applied to machines that can replace human intelligence by mimicking how we perceive, learn and process information, as well as respond to information from the world.
The term “cognitive computing” refers to items and products that emulate and improve human thought processes.
What is the History of AI?
The idea of living objects infused with intelligence has been in use since the beginning of time. In the past, the Greek god Hephaestus was depicted in myths as a robot-like servant who forged out of gold.
Engineers in ancient Egypt constructed statues of gods that were animated by priests. Over the years, philosophers from Aristotle through the thirteenth-century Spanish theologian Ramon Llull to Rene Descartes and Thomas Bayes utilized the tools and the logic of the time to explain human thoughts in symbols, setting the groundwork for AI concepts like general Knowledge representation.
The latter half of the 19th century and the first century of the 20th century created the work that would lead to today’s computer. In 1836, Cambridge University mathematicians Charles Babbage and Augusta Ada Byron, Countess of Lovelace, developed the first model for a machine that could be programmed.
Princeton mathematician John Von Neumann conceived the architecture for the stored-program computer — the idea that a computer’s program and the data it processes can be kept in the computer’s memory. And Warren McCulloch and Walter Pitts laid the foundation for neural networks.
With the advent of modern computers, scientists could test their ideas about machine intelligence. The British mathematician and World War II code-breaker Alan Turing devised one method for determining whether a computer has intelligence. The Turing Test focused on a computer’s ability to fool interrogators into believing its responses to their questions were made by a human being.
The modern field of artificial intelligence is widely cited as starting this year during a summer conference at Dartmouth College. Sponsored by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), the conference was attended by 10 luminaries in the field, including AI pioneers Marvin Minsky, Oliver Selfridge and John McCarthy. He is credited with coining the term artificial intelligence. Also in attendance were Allen Newell, a computer scientist, and Herbert A. Simon, an economist, political scientist and cognitive psychologist. They presented their groundbreaking Logic Theorist, a computer program capable of proving certain mathematical theorems and referred to as the first AI program.
1950s and 1960s:
In the wake of the Dartmouth College conference, leaders in the fledgling field of AI predicted that an artificial intelligence equivalent to the human brain was around the corner, attracting major government and industry support. Indeed, nearly 20 years of well-funded basic research generated significant advances in AI: For example, in the late 1950s, Newell and Simon published the General Problem Solver (GPS) algorithm, which fell short of solving complex problems but laid the foundations for developing more sophisticated cognitive architectures; McCarthy developed Lisp, a language for AI programming that is still used today. In the mid-1960s MIT, Professor Joseph Weizenbaum developed ELIZA, an early natural language processing program that laid the foundation for today’s chatbots.
1970s and 1980s:
But the achievement of artificial general intelligence proved elusive, not imminent, hampered by limitations in computer processing and memory and by the complexity of the problem. Government and corporations backed away from their support of AI research, leading to a fallow period lasting from 1974 to 1980 and known as the first “AI Winter.” In the 1980s, research on deep learning techniques and the industry’s adoption of Edward Feigenbaum’s expert systems sparked a new wave of AI enthusiasm, followed by another collapse of government funding and industry support. The second AI winter lasted until the mid-1990s.
1990s through today:
Increases in computational power and an explosion of data sparked an AI renaissance in the late 1990s that has continued to the present. The latest focus on AI has given rise to breakthroughs in natural language processing, computer vision, robotics, machine learning, deep learning and more. Moreover, AI is becoming increasingly tangible, powering cars, diagnosing diseases and cementing its role in popular culture.
In 1997, IBM’s Deep Blue defeated Russian chess grandmaster Garry Kasparov, becoming the first computer program to beat a world chess champion. Fourteen years later, IBM’s Watson captivated the public when it defeated two former champions on Jeopardy!. More recently, the historic defeat of 18-time World Go champion Lee Sedol by Google DeepMind’s AlphaGo stunned the Go community and marked a major milestone in the development of intelligent machines.
FAQs on Artificial Intelligence (AI)
Artificial Intelligence is used across industries globally. Some of the industries which have delved deep in the field of AI to find new applications are E-commerce, Retail, Security and Surveillance. Sports Analytics, Manufacturing and Production, Automotive among others.
The virtual digital assistants have changed the way w do our daily tasks. Alexa and Siri have become like real humans we interact with each day for our every small and big need. The natural language abilities and the ability to learn themselves without human interference are the reasons they are developing so fast and becoming just like humans in their interaction only more intelligent and faster.
Yes, Alexa is an Artificial Intelligence that lives among us.
AI has paved its way into various industries today. Be it gaming, or healthcare. AI is everywhere. Did you know that the facial recognition feature on our phones uses AI? Google Maps also makes use of AI in its application, and it is part of our daily life more than we know it. Spam filters on Emails, Voice-to-text features, Search recommendations, Fraud protection and prevention, Ride-sharing applications are some of the examples of AI and its application.
We are currently living in the greatest advancements of Artificial Intelligence in history. It has emerged to be the next best thing in technology and has impacted the future of almost every industry. There is a greater need for professionals in the field of AI due to the increase in demand. According to WEF, 133 million new Artificial Intelligence jobs are said to be created by Artificial Intelligence by the year 2023. Yes, AI is the future.
Yes, just like Alexa Siri is also an artificial intelligence that uses advanced machine learning technologies to function.
AI makes every process better, faster, and more accurate. It has some very crucial applications too such as identifying and predicting fraudulent transactions, faster and accurate credit scoring, and automating manually intense data management practices. Artificial Intelligence improves the existing process across industries and applications and also helps in developing new solutions to problems that are overwhelming to deal with manually.
Artificial Intelligence is an intelligent entity that is created by humans. It is capable of performing tasks intelligently without being explicitly instructed to do so. We make use of AI in our daily lives without even realizing it. Spotify, Siri, Google Maps, YouTube, all of these applications make use of AI for their functioning.
Although there are several speculations on AI being dangerous, at the moment, we cannot say that AI is dangerous. It has benefited our lives in several ways.
The basic goal of AI is to enable computers and machines to perform intellectual tasks such as problem solving, decision making, perception, and understanding human communication.
The term Artificial Intelligence was coined John McCarthy. He is considered as the father of AI.
As each day progresses, Artificial Intelligence is making rapid advancements in all fields. AI is no longer the future, it is the present!
What’s your view about the future of Artificial Intelligence? Leave your comments below.